Dental Treatments - Gum Treatments

What is Gum Disease? (also known as Gingivitis and Periodontitis)

Plaque accumulates in the areas where the teeth meet the gums, causing inflammation. The earliest signs are bleeding while brushing and redness. However, no pain is felt. The next stage is swelling of the gum. This is called Gingivitis. Gradually the gum becomes detached from the enamel exposing the root and causing a pocket, which fills with plaque. Eventually the pocket becomes deeper until inflammation reaches the bone, which is then slowly destroyed. The bone can be destroyed to such an extent that the tooth becomes loose and may even fall out. This is called Periodontitis.

Some patients are more susceptible to periodontal disease than others and factors including general health, diabetes, smoking and stress, all have an influence in determining the nature and extent of periodontal disease.

Types of Gum Disease

Treatments of Gum Disease

Your dentist will carry out an assessment at your check up of your gum condition. For many patients, treatment provided by the dental hygienist is sufficient to maintain healthy gums with direction from the dentist.

The teeth and root surfaces of the teeth can be professionally cleaned with scaling instruments by the hygienist. However, in addition to this, good home care and oral hygiene by the patient is essential to allow the gums to heal. Advice and demonstration of exactly how best to clean teeth and dental implants, especially in difficult to reach areas, is an important part of the hygienist treatment.

When the gum problems are moderate, our advanced treatment is often best carried out by a Periodontist (a dentist specially trained in the treatment of gum disease). This treatment may be for the whole mouth or limited to individual teeth.

Stages of Periodontis


Specialist Periodontal Treatments

Patients can benefit from seeing a specialist dentist called a Periodontist who treats more advanced gum disease or specific gum problems. The Periodontist has had advanced training in using microsurgical techniques for gum treatment that is more intensive and may be beyond the scope of a dental hygienist or general dentist due to the technical difficulties involved. Specialist equipment such as dental lasers and micro surgical tools used by the periodontist can help achieve the optimum results. As with all periodontal treatment the patient’s home care is a vitally important part of ensuring its successful completion.

The Periodontist will be able give patients detailed analysis and advice on the treatment options which are available and the lifestyle factors which can aggravate periodontal problems. In addition long term treatment planning is often invaluable for patients with more developed gum problems.

Periodontist treating patient

Periodontal surgery and Regenerative Treatments
Laser Treatments
Aesthetic recontouring
Implant Rescue

Root Planing